FULTON, Henry (1761-1840)


FULTON, Henry (1761-1840)
early clergyman and schoolmaster
was born in 1761. He was educated at a university, graduated B.A., and towards the close of the eighteenth century was a clergyman in the diocese of Killaloe, Ireland. He became involved in the insurrection of 1798 and was transported to New South Wales. Though sometimes afterwards referred to as an ex-convict, he was really a political prisoner. The bishop of Derry, in a letter to the archbishop of Canterbury written in August 1807, stated that Fulton "agreed to transport himself for life to Botany Bay" (H.R. of N.S.W., vol. VI, p. 276). He left Ireland with his wife and son on the Minerva on 24 August 1799, and shared the same cabin with Joseph Holt (q.v.) (Memoirs of Joseph Holt, vol. II, p. 33). They arrived at Sydney on 11 January 1800. Fulton was conditionally emancipated in November, and began to conduct services at the Hawkesbury on 7 December. In February 1801 he was sent to Norfolk Island to act as chaplain, in December 1805 he received a pardon from Governor King (q.v.), and in the following year he returned to Sydney to take up the duties of Marsden (q.v.) who had been given leave of absence. At the time of the revolt against Bligh, Fulton stood by him and, showing no disposition to yield to the officers, was suspended from his office as chaplain. On 18 May 1808 he wrote to Bligh testifying to his justice and impartiality, and in April and July 1808 and on 14 February and 23 March 1809, he wrote letters to Viscount Castlereagh giving accounts of what had happened and severely censuring the conduct of the officers. Immediately after the arrival of Governor Macquarie (q.v.) Fulton was reinstated as assistant chaplain. He went to England as a witness at the court martial of Colonel Johnston (q.v.), and returned to Sydney in 1812. In 1814 he was appointed chaplain at Castlereagh and was made a magistrate. He also established a school and had for a pupil Charles Tompson (q.v.) who dedicated his volume Wild Notes from the Lyre of a Native Minstrel to Fulton. This was the first volume of verse written by a native-born Australian and published in Australia. The first poem in the book "Retrospect" has complimentary references to Fulton. as a teacher and as a man. In 1833 Fulton was still chaplain at Castlereagh, and in that year published a pamphlet of some forty pages entitled Strictures Upon a Letter Lately Written by Roger Therry, Esquire, and in 1836 his name appears as a member of a sub-committee at Penrith formed to work against the introduction of the system of national education then established in Ireland. He died at the parsonage, Castlereagh, on 17 November 1840.
Fulton was a man of the highest character who lost his living in Ireland on account of his sympathy for the Irish, and in Australia again went against his own interests in supporting Bligh. He was married and had one son and three daughters.
The Sydney Herald, 21 November 1840; Historical Records of N.S.W., vols. IV, VI, VII; Historical Records of Australia, ser. I, vols. III, VI to XI, XIII, XIV, XVIII.

Dictionary of Australian Biography by PERCIVAL SERLE. . 1949.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Henry Fulton — (1761 – 17 November 1840) was an Irish Australian clergyman and schoolmaster.Fulton was educated at Trinity College, Dublin, graduated B.A. 1792, and towards the close of the eighteenth century was a clergyman in the diocese of Killaloe, Ireland …   Wikipedia

  • Fulton — /ˈfʊltən/ (say fooltuhn) noun 1. Bobby (Robert Fulton), born 1948, Australian Rugby League player and Test captain. 2. Henry, 1761–1840, Australian pioneer ecclesiastic and schoolmaster, born in Ireland. 3. Margaret, born 1924 in Scotland,… …   Australian English dictionary

  • Liste der Erfinder — Dies ist eine Liste von Erfindern, die die Welt mit ihren Erfindungen bereichert haben. Ein Erfinder ist jemand, der ein Problem erkannt hat, es gelöst und mindestens einmal damit Erfolg gehabt hat. Er muss nicht der erste gewesen sein; eine… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste von Erfindern — Dies ist eine Liste von Erfindern, die die Welt mit ihren Erfindungen bereichert haben. Ein Erfinder ist jemand, der ein Problem erkannt hat, es gelöst und mindestens einmal damit Erfolg gehabt hat. Er muss nicht der erste gewesen sein; eine… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste bekannter Ingenieure — Siehe auch: Liste von Erfindern, Liste der Biographien, Kategorie:Ingenieur, Erfinder, Konstrukteur, Liste Persönlichkeiten der Elektrotechnik A Ingenieur Lebensdaten Erfindungen, Leistungen, ingenieurwissenschaftliche Tätigkeiten Roman Abt… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste Des Abréviations D'auteur En Taxinomie Végétale —  Cette liste ne doit pas être modifiée. Attention, si vous souhaitez ajouter une nouvelle entrée, faites le sur cette autre page à partir de laquelle cette liste est mise à jour automatiquement. Cette liste est triée par ordre alphabétique… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liste Des Abréviations D'auteur En Taxinomie Végétale/Liste Classée Par Patronyme —  Cette liste ne doit pas être modifiée. Attention, si vous souhaitez ajouter une nouvelle entrée, cliquez ici. Cette liste est triée par ordre alphabétique des patronymes. Vous pouvez consulter la même liste classée par ordre alphabétique… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liste des abréviations botaniques — Liste des abréviations d auteur en taxinomie végétale  Cette liste ne doit pas être modifiée. Attention, si vous souhaitez ajouter une nouvelle entrée, faites le sur cette autre page à partir de laquelle cette liste est mise à jour… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liste des abréviations d'auteur en taxinomie végétale — Cette liste ne doit pas être modifiée. Attention, si vous souhaitez ajouter une nouvelle entrée, faites le sur cette autre page à partir de laquelle cette liste est mise à jour automatiquement. Cette liste est triée par ordre alphabétique des… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liste des abréviations utilisées dans les sciences naturelles — Liste des abréviations d auteur en taxinomie végétale  Cette liste ne doit pas être modifiée. Attention, si vous souhaitez ajouter une nouvelle entrée, faites le sur cette autre page à partir de laquelle cette liste est mise à jour… …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.